Popular physics of matter

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Yang Yin
spirit matter
light, giving darkness, receiving
masculine, active feminine, passive
Lightweight rarefied mobile electron with a simple structure Heavy dense sedentary nucleus of an atom and a proton with a complicated structure

The only viable harmonious creatures are the proton and the electron. All others are not viable and are reborn into other forms.

The proton and the electron attract each other, because they complement and balance each other. They are rotating in the opposite directions.

There are also the "anti-electrons" (positrons) and even the antiprotons, which are less common. The antimatter has confused the rotation direction. The antiparticles and the normal particles are the enemies, which permanently look for meetings and destroy each other in a fight at the first opportunity.

The proton and the electron are forming a stable couple, being in close quarters. Several of these pairs form the complete full atoms.

The nucleus consists of one or more protons. These protons hardly converge with each other, but if they once been converged, they will not be separated easily.

The proton briefly swallows up a closest low-energy electron, forming an unstable neutron. The electron inside the neutron accumulates energy and leaves the proton, finishing the neutron existence. After this, the small neutrinos are born. The neutrons are commonly appearing and disappearing in a calm environment within the nucleus. Rare electrons leave the nucleus, once having got there, and having found a free proton. Most often they leave the excessively large nuclei, when they could not get on with them.

If a nucleus consists of more than one proton, then it has a constant number of neutrons, i.e. the protons coupled with the electrons. Each electron has averagely two alternating protons: primary and secondary. The protons without electrons do not get along.

The protons are interconnected with themselves and with their electrons by the world's most great power. The sources of this power are rather the protons than the electrons. This power is distributed uniformly and does not cause the subordination of one to another.

The free neutrons are extracted from the excessively large unstable nuclei, and they can destroy other nuclei. This is a negative phenomenon, which threatens to escalate into a chain reaction of destruction.

The high-energy electrons are outside the nucleus, and they permanently sort things out with each other and with the world, which surrounds the atoms. The structure of their relationship is supported by the nucleus structure. The nuclear protons and the low-energy electrons do not see anyone except their neighbors.

An electron from the simple small atom is remotely stably associated with its nucleus, which is represented by any proton, and performs a strictly defined role in the common world order. Such electrons establish with each other the relatively weak but stable paired bonds. They form a hierarchy with the distinct position allocation, which is supported by its nucleus. A position in the hierarchy depends on the energy. It can get energy only from the neighbors or from the outside world. The stable promotion is possible only to a small rank above all others with their support. The promotion can be lost easily. The highest-energy electrons are usually involved in an interatomic relationship. An extremly high-energy electron leaves the atom to find another opportunities, and the vacant place quickly becomes filled again.

The relationship of the simple atoms, which are arranged in a certain way, creates the different groups of atoms (molecules) and the solid crystal structures with diverse properties (diamond, quartz). Any little modification of these structures is associated with a lot of the creation work or with a large energy, which is released with their destruction. The complete destruction of the simple atoms structure leads to the total chaos.

In a case of the complicated large atoms, the electrons are free and are not associated with any particular nucleus. Their relationship is based on the superiority of force as well as in a hierarchy of the simple atoms. The groups of the free electrons create the flexible dynamic structures with a low hierarchy, which is partially substituted by a well-developed chaotic horizontal communications in a form of the flexible network. This structure is amorphous and does not lose its properties in the deformation, separation and merging. The coordinated movement of the large groups creates a powerful force, which maintains the groups integrity and involves the new members into the movement. The motion specification is determined by the nature of nuclei. For example, iron is specialized in the magnetism, and copper is specialized in the thermal and electrical conduction.

The extremely low energy of the free electrons due to the environmental low energy determines their grouping into two or more members. They are united by a weak form of the powerful force, which brings together the protons and the neutrons within a nucleus.

The extremely high energy of the free electrons and also the small lightweight nuclei can bring them to a long lonely flight over the empty space. The protons without the accompanying electrons or without an enforcement don't like to do this.

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