|Previous chapter ( Sumerians )||Table of contents||Next chapter ( Judaism )|
Corresponding Wikipedia article: Semitic people
Some Western scientists, who obviously brought up on the biblical stories, call the Europeoid race as the Caucasian race. According to the Bible, Noah (Greek: Noe, Arabic: Nuh) had landed from his ark at the Caucasian mountain of Ararat and became the ancestor of all the humanity. He gave birth to the black race (son Ham), Europeoid race (son Japheth), and the Semitic race (son Shem). The word "semit" comes from the name of Shem. The Bible also states the priority of the white race over the black, and the special exclusivity of the Semitic subrace in relation to the Europeoid (Genesis 9:20-27). On the basis of Bible, the Catholic and Protestant churches did not prevent the robbery and genocide of the American Indians and the slavery of the African blacks. Some Europeans associate the epicanthus with the Down syndrome and believed that Mongoloids are the inferior people.
Imanuhela (distorted Hebrew Immanuel, “God with us”) is a God name of the Rwandan Hutu and Tutsi peoples, which is translated as "the lord who is here". The few Tutsi conquered the Hutu in the XVI century. The Hutu are considered Ethiopians or Hamites (descendants of Ham). The Tutsi believe that they came from Egypt (the Misr country), like the Jews. The Rwandan ethnic conflict in 1994 killed 500–1030 thousands peoples during 100 days.
Abraham (Arabic: Ibrahim) is the ancestor of many genera, the founder of Judaism and all other Semitic religions called the Abrahamic religions. This name is composed of the Akkadian roots "ab" (father) and "ramu" (sheep), and has the literal meaning "father of sheeps", that is "shepherd of God’s flock". According to Bible, he was a Chaldean (a magician) from the city of Ur, and probably a real historical person. The rise and reign of Ur is dated the 26-24 centuries BC. The times of Abraham are indicated in the Bible (Genesis 14: 1) as «… Chedorlaomer king of Elam …», which is one of the first kings of Elam, Kutir-Lakamar (28-26 centuries BC). Thus, the time of Abraham is at the beginning of all the known Middle Eastern kingdoms excluding the fictional Sumer.
The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is a legend of the formation of the Dead Sea and its coast. Indeed, the wars involving the weapons of mass destruction, about which Mahabharata and Puranas mention, were in the days of Abraham and his immediate descendants.
Binding of Isaac is a Jewish legend about the abolition of the ancient Semitic cult: sacrifice of the firstborn. The Quran just briefly mentions this, and it does not mention the victim name.
Brahma is an Indian pronunciation of Ibrahim (Abraham) as the supreme god. The various beliefs of Hindus became the so-called religion of Hinduism under the influence of ancient Semites. This religion became available only to the highest priestly caste of Brahmins, who used the sacred language Sanskrit and some kind of the Tibetan writing.
The monotheism is a main feature of all the Semitic religions. The Semitic god has the following features:
- Creator or architect of the world, who build it with help of his servants (see "Kabbalah").
- He establishes a contractual relationship (Covenant) with his servants. The servants strictly adhere to the prescribed rituals and preach their faith.
- He is hostile to other gods, and he keeps his servants in fear of punishment for betrayal.
Vaishnavism and Shaivism are the Indian version of monotheism with the supreme gods Vishnu and Shiva respectively. They require sacrifices by fire (even human) similarly to the ancient Semitic cults. The Vedic "sacrifice" (Yajna) does not mean the destruction by fire (Agni), but the transformation. Even the cows are sacred for the Hindus, as opposed to the Jewish ritual of the kosher slaughter.
The spiritualism or the modern channeling is prohibited by all the Semitic religions (except the Jewish Kabbalah, which is not considered a religion), because another "revelations" from the unauthorized religious prophets could came. Many biblical stories mention the inner voice and the contacts in a dream (for example, the Jacob's dream). The Quran, according to a legend, was also "revealed" to the Prophet Muhammad in a similar way. The emergence of the false prophets, i.e. other channelers, destroys the Semitic religion. The word "religion" comes from the Latin "religo" (to bind) (in this case with another world of the gods, the angels and the demons).
Writing is a basis of the Semitic culture and religion. The cultured peoples are sometimes considered only those, which have writing, a large amount of literature, and a mass literacy. This implies that the dead written word means more than the live spoken word. This implies that the dead dialogue or even monologue is more informative and effective than the live dialogue. All the Semitic scriptures are written as a monologue with the imperative mood, while many Indian scriptures are the recorded live dialogues.
The Semites write from right to left, because supposedly the ancient Semitic scribes were left-handed. The Akkadian and Babylonian cuneiform is considered one of the most ancient writing systems. The clay tablets are well preserved, unlike other carriers.
The Old Egyptian writing appeared later under the Semitic influence. It has the typical Semitic features: the direction is predominantly from right to left and the neglection of the vowel sounds. The modern Egyptologists don’t know exactly how the Egyptians said their words due to lack of the vowels and the living speakers in the ancient Egyptian language. The hieroglyphs was deciphered by matching with the letters of the Coptic language, which is descended from the ancient Egyptian language.
The European alphabets were formed under the influence of Phoenicians, the Semitic tribes, the pagan Jews. The names of Greek letters have a Semitic origin. The alphabetic order in every alphabet is also based on Hebrew, where the order is a key for the numerals and for the gematria.
|Egyptian sound||Hebrew letter||Arabic letter||Greek or Coptic letter|
|ƺ||א (aleph)||ﺍ (alif)||Α (alpha)|
|b 1)||ב (beth)||ﺏ (ba)||Β (beta)|
|g||ג (gimel)||ﻍ (ghayn)||Γ (gamma)|
|ḏ||ﺝ (jīm)||Ϫ (janja)|
|d||ד (daleth)||ﺩ (dal)||Δ (delta, dalda)|
|h 2)||ה (he)||ﻩ (ha)||Η (eta, heta)|
|w||ו (waw)||ﻭ (waw)|
|s||ז (zayin)||ﺯ (zay)||Ζ (zeta)|
|ḥ||ח (heth)||ﺡ (ha)||Χ (chi)|
|ẖ||ﺥ (ha)||Ϧ (khay)|
|t||ט (teth)||ﻁ (tha)||Θ (theta)|
|i j||י (yod)||ﻱ (ya)||Ι (iota)|
|k||כ (kaph) 3)||ﻙ (kaf)||Κ (kappa)|
|ל (lamed)||ﻝ (lam)||Λ (lambda, lola)|
|m||מ (mem)||ﻡ (mem)||Μ (mu, me)|
|n||ן (nun)||ﻥ (nun)||Ν (nu, ne)|
|ś||ס (samekh)||ﺹ (sad)|
|‘||ע (ayin)||ﻉ (ayn)||Υ (upsilon, he)|
|p||ף (pe) 4)||Π (pi)|
|ṯ||צ (sadhe)||ﺙ (sa)|
|ḳ||ק (qoph)||ﻕ (kaf)||Ϭ (tshema)|
|r||ר (resh)||ﺭ (ra)||Ρ (rho)|
|ś||ש (shin)||ﺱ (sin)||Σ С (sigma, sima)|
|š||ﺵ (shin)||Ϣ (shay)|
|t||ת (taw)||ﺕ (ta)||Τ (tau)|
|f||ﻑ (fa)||Φ (phi)|
|1) Pronounced as "B" or "V" in every language.|
The Semites use the diacritics to mark the vowels, but usually only in textbooks and dictionaries.
The Semitic phonetic alphabets show obviously the racial characteristics of the vocal apparatus of the ancient Semites or their ancestors:
- Variety of the hissing and the whistling sounds, as well as the variations of "K" and "D".
- Variety of the aspirated sounds, which compensate the lack of vowels.
- Equivalence of sounds "B" / "V", "P" / "F".
The Hebrew and the Arabic language are derived from the Aramaic and the more ancient languages (Akkadian). They have the common word roots with different variants of vowels. The linguists separate the Semitic and the African languages, however a list of cognates with the basic Swahili vocabulary could be found.
|p - t - ḥ||begin, open||Ptah is the ancestor of all the Egyptian gods, the creator.|
|r - ƺ - š||head||The all seeing Eye of Ra is the God of the Semitic religions.|
|r - ƺ - h||see|
|r - w - ḥ||spirit, air||Swahili: “roho“|
|r - i - ḥ
‘ - t - r
|‘ - i - n||eye||Akkadian: “inu“, “enu“.|
|ƺ - s - n||ear|
|ƺ - p||nose||Akkadian: “appu“, Swahili: “pua”|
|ḥ - k - m||wise|
|m - l - k||king|
|i - d||hand|
|‘ - b - d||slave, servant||Akkadian: "abdu"|
|r - g - l||leg|
|ƺ - n - š||human|
|ḳ - d - š||saint|
|ṯ - d - ḳ
|š - m - ‘||hear||Akkadian: "šamu"|
|r - m - s||sign||Symbols and signs is an important part of the Semitic culture.|
|ṯ - l - b
|k - t - b||write||Feature of the Semitic culture.|
Quran is the main book.
|ḳ - r - ƺ||read|
|ḳ - r - b
|war, victim||Sacrifice is a Semitic ritual.|
|ś - k - i - n||knife|
|ś - i - p||sword|
|ḳ - t - l||kill|
|m - w - t||death||Akkadian: "mutu"|
|š - ‘ - r||price||Trade is a Semitic occupation.|
|s - i - p||fake|
|ƺ - r - ṯ||earth||Swahili: “ardhi”|
|m - i - ḥ
|water||Akkadian: ”me”, Swahili: “maji”|
|b - r||well, hole||Akkadian: "buru"|
|n - h - r||river||Akkadian: "naru"|
|m - t - r||rain||Swahili: “mto” (river)|
|r - t - b||wet||Akkadian: "ratbu"|
|b - r - ḳ||lightning||Akkadian: "baraku"|
|š - m - š||sun||Jewish god of Sun.|
|š - n - h||year|
|i - w - m||day||Akkadian: "immu"|
|l - b||heart||Akkadian: "libbu"|
|ƺ - h - b
|ƺ - m - ƺ
|mother||Akkadian: "ummu", Swahili: “mama”|
|ƺ - b||father||Akkadian: "abu", Swahili: “baba”|
|b - n
|ƺ - ḥ||brother||Akkadian: "ahu"|
|s - w - g||pair|
|ḥ - i||live|
|b - n - h||build||Akkadian: "banu"|
|ḥ - d - š||new|
|b - i - t||home||Akkadian: "bet", "bit"|
|s - w - r||wall|
|‘ - š - b||grass|
|s - g - g||glass||First glass was made in the East 3,000 years BC.|
|š - ‘ - r||hair, wool||Akkadian: "šartu"|
|k - t - n||cotton||Cotton came from India.|
|‘ - r - i||nude||Akkadian: "aru"|
|l - b - š||to clothe||Akkadian: "labašu"|
|ƺ - k - l||eat||Akkadian: «akalu», Swahili: “kula”|
|m - l - ḥ||salt|
|b - i - ṯ||egg|
|ḥ - m - ṯ||acid|
|ḥ - l - b||milk||Akkadian: "halabu"|
|š - m - n||fat, thick||Akkadian: "šamnu"|
|ś - b - n||soap||The soap recipes was written in Babylon 3,000 years BC.|
|r - ḳ - d
|ṯ - ḥ - ḳ||laugh|
|š - ‘ - l||cough|
|g - š - r||bridge||Akkadian: "gišru"|
|ḳ - p - ṯ
|‘ - m - ḳ||depth|
|ḳ - r - i - b||near||Swahili: “karibu”|
|n - p - t||oil||Akkadian: «napatum» (to burn)|
|p - n - ś||lantern|
|k - h - l||alcohol|
|b - i - r||beer|
|ś - r - t - n||crayfish|
|‘ - ḳ - r - b||skorpion|
|k - l - b||dog||Akkadian: "kalabu"|
|s - ƺ - b||wolf|
|š - ‘ - l||fox|
|ƺ - r - n - b||hare||Akkadian: "arnabu"|
|‘ - s||goat|
|ḥ - m - r||donkey||Akkadian: "imeru"|
|d - b||a bear||Akkadian: "dabu", Swahili: “dubu”|
|p - i - l||elephant||Akkadian: "piru"|
|g - m - l||camel||Akkadian: "gammal". Swahili: “ngamia”|
|t - w - r||bull, ox|
|k - b - d||liver||Akkadian: "kabattu"|
|d - m||blood||Akkadian and Swahili: "damu"|
|d - m - ‘||teardrop|
|k - l||all||Akkadian: "kalu", Swahili: "kila"|
|ƺ - h - d||one|
|ƺ - r - b - ‘||four||Akkadian: "erbe"|
|ḥ - m - š||five||Akkadian: "hamiš"|
|š - b - ‘||seven||Akkadian: "sebe", Swahili: “saba”|
|š - m - ƺ - n||eight||Akkadian: "samane"|
|t - š - ‘||nine||Akkadian: "tiše", Swahili: “tisa”|
|‘ - š - r||ten||Akkadian: "ešer"|
|p – "P" or "F", š – "ʃ" or "S", g – “ʤ” in Arabic, ṯ – “d” in Arabic.|
|charti (paper)||charta (paper)||Karte (German), chart, card|
|ś-p-r||count, digit||psifio (digit)||-||cipher|
|m-k-r||sell||-||mercatus (market)||Markt(German), mercado (Spanish), marche (French)|
|ś-b-n||soap||sapouni||sapouni||Seife (German), savon (French)|
|Krieg (German), guerra (Spanish), guerre (French)|
|ḳ-r-b||boat, ship||karabi||carabus||caravela (Spanish)|
|b-i-r||beer||mpyra||-||Bier (German), biere (French)|
|t-w-r||bull, ox||tavros||taurus||toro (Spanish)|
|š-k-l||get wiser||scholeio (school)||schola (school)||Schule (German)|
School is a word of the Semitic origin, which came from the Ancient Greece. The Greek and Latin alphabets have the Semitic (Phoenician) roots.
|Previous chapter ( Sumerians )||Table of contents||Next chapter ( Judaism )|