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Fundamental chapter: Speech

The language is a speech system within a certain social group.

The modern languages are diverse due to the communication obstacles of the ancient peoples during the languages formation:

  • Geographic (seas, mountains and regions with a harsh climate). Settlement of people within the river valleys as the most accessible routes and the food sources.
  • National (isolation of race, clan or tribe).
  • Religious (isolation of the religious communities and the theocratic states).
  • Writing (incompatibility of literature).
Groups Geographic limitations Religious scope Writing
Celtic British Islands Druidry, Christianity
Germanic (English, German, Dutch, Swedish) Baltic Sea, Rhine, Alps Polytheism, Christianity (Protestantism) Runes, Latin
Romance (Italian, French, Spanish, Potuguese, Romanian, Moldovan) Mediterranean Sea, Rhine, Alps Polytheism, Christianity (Catholicism) Latin
Baltic (Lithuanian, Latvian) Baltic Sea Polytheism, Christianity Latin
Slavonic (Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Bulgarian, Serbian, etc.) Polytheism, Christianity Latin, Glagolitic, Cyrillic
Gypsy Latin, Cyrillic
Indian (Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, Urdu, etc.) Indus, Himalayas Hinduism Brahmic
Iranic (Iranian, Kurdish, Dari, Afghan, Tajik, etc.) Indus, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains Zoroastrianism, Islam (shia) Arabic, Latin, Cyrillic
Hellenic (Greek, Albanian, Armenian) Mediterranean Sea Polytheism, Christianity (Orthodox) Greek, Armenian
North Caucasian Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains
Kartvelian (Georgian) Christianity (Orthodox) Georgian
Uralic (Finno-Ugric)
Ugric (Khanty, Mansi, Hungarian) Ob River Cyrillic, Latin
Komi, Udmurt, Mari, Mordvinic Kama River, Volga River
Baltic (Finnish, Karelian, Estonian) Baltic Sea Latin
Nenets northern seas Cyrillic
Oghuz (Turkish, Turkmen, Azerbaijani) Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains Islam (not a state religion) Arabic, Latin, Cyrillic
Kipchak (Kazakh, Tatar, Bashkir) Volga River Arabic, Cyrillic, Latin
Khakas (Kyrgyz) Yenisei River Cyrillic
Sakha Lena River Cyrillic
Altaic, Mongolic Siberia, Tian Shan Buddhism Cyrillic
Japanese Islands Shinto, Buddhism Japanese
Korean Peninsula Korean
Chinese Himalayas, Tian Shan Confucianism, Taoism Chinese
Tibeto-Burman Himalayas Bon, Buddhism Tibetan
Tai (Thailand, Laos) Buddhism Khmer
Khmer (Cambodia) Buddhism Khmer
Vietnamese Latin
Malay Islam (not a state religion) Arabic, Latin
Philippine Christianity (by colonization) Latin
Egyptian (Coptic) Nile River Polytheism, Christianity Egyptian
Cushitic (Somali) Islam Latin
Hebrew Judaism Hebrew
Arabic Islam Arabic
Maltese Christianity Latin
Amharic (Ethiopian) Christianity Ge'ez
Bantu (Swahili) Latin
Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa Niger River

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