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Corresponding Wikipedia article: History of Greece


Herodotus is the main official source on the history of Greece and Great Scythia.

Hellas is an ancient land of the Hellens, which is called Graecia (Greece) in Latin, and Javan in Semitic. The Semitic culture had a strong influence on the Greeks after the exodus of Jews from Egypt. The names Hellas and Hellene may be derived from the Semitic root "El" (God), which is derived from the ancient Semitic "ilu" (high). The ancient Greek population must have been strong and tall in comparison with the Jews.

Greek-Roman mythological names with a Semitic background
Name Description Semitic word
Aurora Roman goddess of dawn. Jewish root «A-U-R» (light).
Hades Afterlife underworld, hell. Jewish root «A-В-D» (lost, death, hell).
Ariadne Ariadne's thread to find the way back. Arabic «ria aada» (to see the way back).
Achilles Armored warrior (in a shell). Arabic root «S-L-H» (turtle in a shell) read backwards.
Vulcan Roman god of fire and smithing. Tubal-cain is a Biblical ancestor of smiths.
Hera Jealous wife of Zeus. Arabic word «gira» (jealosy).
Cerberus Infernal guard.
Cherub is a cognate guard of the paradise.
Root «K-R-B» (fight, war).
Paradise Heaven. «Pardes» is an orchard.
Siren A singing creature. Jewish root «S-?-R» (sing, song).
Elysium Afterlife for the blessed. Jewish root «?-L-Z» (enjoy).

Gomer is a son of the Biblical Japheth, and Homer is a mythical author of the epic poems "Iliad" and "Odyssey", which tell about the mythical Trojan War with its "Trojan Horse" and "Achilles' heel".

Trojan War (XIII-XII century BC) Gothic War (VI century AD)
Reason for war: abduction of Helen by the Trojans (she died after the war). Reason for war: murder of the Gothic Queen Amalasuntha.
Helen’s abductor was killed at the end of the war. Amalasuntha’s murderer was killed during the war.
Achilles and Odysseus (Latin: Ulysses) is a pair of the Greek commanders. Belisarius and Narses is a pair of the Byzantine commanders.
Achilles at the beginning of the war was subordinated to the king Agamemnon, but later he wanted to take the power to finish the war. He was arrested and killed. Belisarius at the beginning of the war was subordinated to the emperor Justinian I, but later he wanted to take the power. He was arrested and judged.
Successful siege of Troy with a "Trojan horse" is a fairy tale for children. Successful siege of Naples by passing through a disused aqueduct in the wall.
The war ended with the defeat of Troy. The war ended with the defeat of Goths.

Assuming the validity of the history of Byzantium (Greece) and the Gothic War, such a great war in the "dark" tribal period of Greece is disclaimed. Thus, a beautiful tale of the Trojan War and the great Greek past was created in the Middle Ages and based on the Gothic War history.


Greece is a birthplace of the modern science. The first European schools emerged in the Ancient Greece, but the main subject there was the gymnastics. The education has become a privilege of the rich noble people and their hallmark.

Democracy was born in these times, as a power of the business elite (Demos) over the crowd ("Ochlos"). "Ochlos" is a Hebrew word. The conflict between the aristocracy (the best part of people) and the demos accompanies whole the history of civilization.

The ancient philosophy is a primitive science, the Greek-Roman paganism and the predecessor of Christianity. The first school of philosophy was founded by a Phoenician merchant Thales of Miletus.

Pythagoras represents the first Greek philosophers and mathematicians. He, as the Eastern sage, was not a writer, but he preferred to communicate with his students. His name is derived from two roots:

  • Pythia (possibly from the Western Slavonic word "pytat", that is “to ask”) is a Greek kind of a shaman-diviner.
  • Guru is an Aryan teacher.

Anaxagoras from Clazomenae is the founder of the Athenian school of philosophy, to which the humanitarian philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle belonged. He was condemned, because of an explanation of the eclipses and the earthquakes by their natural causes. In those days, the celestial and other natural phenomena showed the will of gods, as in Ancient Babylon also.

Democritus is the founder of the natural philosophy, who developed the homoeomeries of Anaxagoras into the concepts of the atom and the amer.

Heraclitus is the founder of the dialectics, the author of the term "logos", and the worshiper of fire. He believed that the logos (similar to aether) and the fire (plasma) are the fundamental principles of everything: the fire is condensed into the air (gas), the air into the water (liquid), and the water into the ground (solid).

Egypt was "hellenized" after the defeat of the Persian Empire (see "Alexander the Great"), and Alexandria became its new capital. The Library of Alexandria is the first scientific center, where the knowledge from whole Middle East was gathered. The genial Archimedes and Euclid emerged there, and probably they represented the discoveries of other persons as their own, like the modern Einstein. The legendary Claudius Ptolemy is also put there, who outran the time for one and half of thousand years. In the age of Ptolemies, the 70 rabbis had translated there the books of the Hebrew Old Testament into Greek. This translation was called Septuagint. In those times, the priest Manetho had published his "History of Egypt", which is available only in the quotations of other authors. The Lighthouse of Alexandria had made this city a center of the maritime trade.

Aristarchus of Samos, who probably worked in the Library of Alexandria, said that the Earth rotates around the Sun. He also measured the distances to the Sun and to the Moon.

New chronology

The Julian calendar came from Alexandria. As will be shown below, many events of the ancient history should be moved approximately 330 years ahead. If the date of the Alexandria foundation (332 BC) is moved forward, then the beginning of this calendar is connected to it reasonably.

Traditional chronology of Antiquity

Chronology old en.png

Approximate new chronology of Antiquity

Chronology new en.png

The history of the Median kings is ambiguous and its duration varies from 100 to 350 years. So it is stretched for a maximum period within the new chronology.

Parthia of Arsacids is excluded from the Iranian history, and it is related only to the beginning of the Turkmenistan history (see also "China and Japan").

The modern Gregorian calendar was adopted in the times of Scaliger in 1582 with correction of the current date for 10 days. The difference between the old Julian calendar and the new Gregorian calendar alters in the certain years, which are the multiples of 100. But then the Julian calendar starts 2-3 centuries later than the traditional date of the Julius Caesar reign. The correction for 12 days would be more accurate.

Period Correction
100 BC – 100 –2
100 – 200 –1
200 – 300 0
300 – 500 1
500 – 600 2
600 – 700 3
700 – 900 4
900 – 1000 5
1000 – 1100 6
1100 – 1300 7
1300 – 1400 8
1400 – 1500 9
1500 – 1700 10

As if the Vatican knew the real ancient chronology, when they made the calendar corrections in the XVI century.

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