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Corresponding Wikipedia article: Cell

The cell is an organic analogue of a monad with the energy and information within the protective field, which is the cell membrane.

A cell, which provides across its membrane a gradient of the salt ions concentration, produces an electric potential with respect to the environment. This provides the following:

  • Electrostatic repulsion, which prevents the cells to glue. This is especially important for the blood cells (RBCs).
  • Electrical signals, which are transmitted by the neurons.

Most of the DNA information is not used for the protein creation. It is removed from a RNA after the transcription by the splicing. The amount of this information is proportional to the life form complexity. The DNA molecules are located in the central cell region, which is dedicated for them. Also, the DNA molecules of the complicated organisms are periodically arranging in a certain way. The complicated morphogenetic field around these molecules determines the organism structure, i.e. the spatial location of the protein molecules. There is no other way to create the organism from the shapeless protein mass, which is produced by the RNA translation.

The aetheric annular vortex is a necessary and a sufficient basis of the morphogenetic field. A liquid within the vortex area contains the spatial magnetic soliton waves, which are modulated by the DNA nucleotides fields. The symmetry axis coincides with the vortex axis, and each simple organism has a radial symmetry.

The Bacteria (bacillus) are the simplest organisms, which make up the vast majority of the organic life forms within a variety of the habitat conditions, and even able to return back to life after their drying. The bacteria features are:

  • DNA molecule, usually single, is folded into a ring.
  • Cloning, that is the bisection or the budding after a chemical DNA replication.

The bacteria are employed for the various substances production from the feedstock, but most of the bacterial species are the parasites for the more complicated organisms.

Examples of the useful "bacteria" within the large complicated cells
«Bacterium» Feedstock Product
mitochondrion substances which feed the organism ATP
chloroplast water, carbon dioxide, light organic substances

The metabolism is a set of the permanently occurring chemical reactions, which is required for life of the cells and the multicellular organisms. The nutrition and the excretion are the basic metabolic functions.

The principal features of the large complicated cells (eukaryotes):

The vegetative (asexual) reproduction and regeneration from the body parts or from the single cells (spores) is a property of the simple multicellular life forms.

The sexual reproduction (excluding parthenogenesis) is a way to reproduct and to preserve the complicated life forms due to the following:

  • Sexual partners are the healthiest members of the species, who have the minimal genetic abnormalities. Therefore, the sexual reproduction is a part of the natural selection.
  • Random mix of the chromosome segments (recombination) of the sexual partners helps to exclude the rare genetic disorders.
  • Complicated protected mechanism of fertilization and maturation is constraining the hybridization capabilities. The hybrids are inevitably degrading due to a random mixing (conjugation) of the higher and the lower life forms.

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