Catholicism and Protestantism
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The Khazar Khaganate had fell in the X century under the onslaught of Slavians and Turks, and the Khazar Jews (Ashkenazim) migrated into the territory of present-day Poland and Germany, where the Holy Roman Empire (First Reich) had been created almost immediately.
Vatican is a diminutive state in Rome, a residence of the Roman Catholic Church head, a residue of the Papal States of Italy (VIII-XIX cc.). This name comes from the Hebrew "bait kaan" (house of the high priest).
The Pope is the Bishop of Rome, the Catholic Church head. The official list of the bishops of Rome starts right from the mythical Saint Peter (the I century). Assuming the smallness of the history of the first bishops, the first really existing bishop can be considered only the Sylvester I. His pontificate (position of the Bishop of Rome) began since 314, and there is also his incorruptible body.
The Roman Church had been definitely separated from the single Christian church in the XI century, deepening the political rift between the "West" and the "East". The Roman Church has the following features:
- The Jewish scriptures (Old Testament) are most fully included into the Catholic Latin Bible (Vulgate).
- The Biblical Latin language in the medieval Europe separated the elite from the crowd, because the majority of population did not know the Latin language. This separation was especially evident with the Germanic and Slavonic peoples.
- Tolerance toward Judaism. For example, the Templars remained "unnoticed" by the church for a long time, and the Kabbalists were only expelled from Spain.
- The belief that the Jesus took on the mankind sins, which is based on the Jewish Book of Isaiah, where Jesus is represented as a "scapegoat". This dogma came to the Orthodoxy later.
- The sadistic symbol of Crucifix is a symbol of Israel's victory over God.
- Celibacy of priests stimulates the sexual perversions.
- Indulgence is the absolution for money, which transforms the church into a commerce.
- Simony is the buying and selling of the church offices as the profitable positions in a commercial organization.
- Inquisition is the extermination of the church competitors, who are called the heretics. Spain, which was liberated from the Muslims in the XIII century, was especially distinguished.
- Crusades are the aggressive expansion of an empire, a colonization. Spain and Portugal achieved the greatest success in the christianization of the Latin America.
The first Crusades (XI-XII cc.) were sent into the Muslim Palestine, where the Crusaders built the temples of Jerusalem. Also the fortress Great Zimbabwe was founded in 1130, which flourished in the XIV-XV centuries. The name Zimbabwe derives from a phrase «houses of stone» (Bantu: «dzimba-dza-mabwe»). The stone houses were rare in those lands. An African tribe Lemba (see «Judaism») is related directly to this city.
Shortly after the arrest of the Templars, the Hundred Years’ War began for their French lands claimed by the British. By that time, Western Europe was full of the castles and the magnificent Gothic churches among the populous cities, where were no the water-pipes and the sewerage systems, such as the ancient Roman aqueducts and the underground channels. The houses and the streets, on which the streams of a steamy filth flowed, were full of rats and fleas, which bite the people. The church at the same time prescribed a minimum care about the cleanliness and the health of a body for the sake of purification and salvation of the soul. The smallpox and the leprosy were the common diseases. And when the plague came through the Silk Road, the epidemic "Black Death" broke out, which killed about one third of the urban population of France and the neighboring countries. As a result of religious growth, the people accused the lepers and the Jews in the spread of this epidemic, and the church accused the people's sins and the witches. The various psychoses emerged sometimes in the sick society, such as a choreomania (dance mania).
When the military situation was most threatening for France, the church had found some poor and spiritually possessed girl, whose name was Joan of Arc. She inspired the army to victory, and the church got rid of her, when she was not needed. This legendary story resembles the Book of Judges with a prophetess Deborah:
|Book of Judges (chapter 4)||History|
|2 And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.||The British invaded the French Normandy in 1415.|
|3 And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.||The Orleans was under the siege, which already threatened the independence of France in 1428.|
|4 And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.||Joan of Arc emerged, a girl with the "voices in my head", who became a member of the high society.|
|8 And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will go: but if thou wilt not go with me, then I will not go.||She was one of the French army commanders.|
|9 And she said, I will surely go with thee: notwithstanding the journey that thou takest shall not be for thine honour; for the LORD shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman. And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh.||The victories were attributed to her.|
|13 And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon.||The British began the siege of Orleans.|
|14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the LORD hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: is not the LORD gone out before thee? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.||The French army, which numbered several thousands of people, came to the Orleans.|
|15 And the LORD discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet.||The British retreated after a few battles.|
|16 But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left.||The French army went ahead and soon smashed the English army in the Battle of Patay.|
|24 And the hand of the children of Israel prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.||The British were soon completely driven out of the France.|
The authority of the Roman Church in the Germany began to fall shortly after the unsuccessful eastern Crusades. There were the reformers or Protestants led by Luther. The Catholic Bible was translated from Latin into the native languages, printed (after the Gutenberg’s invention) and was read finally. The readers could not find some dogmas of the Catholic Church as well as the calls for an aggression. The Renaissance started, the science started to replace the church, and the universities started to replace the cathedrals.
Luther demanded the christianization of all the Jews. He outlined the naive recommendations to struggle against the Judaism in his treatise "On the Jews and Their Lies":
- Destroy all synagogues and the Jewish schools.
- Destroy the Jewish houses, which could be used instead of the synagogues.
- Withdraw the Jewish religious literature.
- Prohibit a teaching by the rabbis, and arrest the Talmudists.
- Prohibit a motion around the country for the Jews.
- Prohibit the usury.
- Compel the healthy Jews to a physical labor.
In the XVI century, the Catholic Church under the pressure of Reformation had adopted the so-called deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament, particularly the Book of Wisdom of Solomon. This book is apparently written by the Christians, and it contradicts with the canonical Jewish Book of Isaiah, on which the absurd Christian dogma is based: Jesus took upon him the mankind sins.
|Wisdom of Solomon (chapter 2)||Isaiah (chapter 53)|
|The author on behalf of the King Solomon writes on the temptation of God and on the unconditional punishment of the sinners.||The author on behalf of the Jewish God says about the Jesus as about a typical Jewish "scapegoat".|
|1 For the ungodly said, reasoning with themselves, but not aright, «Our life is short and tedious, and in the death of a man there is no remedy: neither was there any man known to have returned from the grave.
10 Let us oppress the poor righteous man, let us not spare the widow, nor reverence the ancient gray hairs of the aged.
|3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.|
4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
The Jesuits is one of the most well-known movements of the Catholic Church against Reformation (Counter-Reformation). The Jesuits featured the harsh discipline (the Order), the swearing allegiance to the Pope personally, and the "Jesuit morality" (excuse of any behavior). The Jesuits had not much success in Europe, but they successfully mastered a lot of the Spanish (Portuguese) colonies in South and Central Americas and also in India. They even attempted to settle in China and Japan.
Paul IV (Gian Pietro Carafa) is a Pope of the Counter-Reformation period. He is famous for the mass executions of heretics, who were convicted by Inquisition, which was united under his leadership.
Rzeczpospolita is a union of the West Slavonic nations, which arose simultaneously with Counter-Reformation, where the leadership belonged to the Roman Church in the face of Poland with its large Jewish community.
The Thirty Years' War is a war of the Roman Church against Protestants, which was finished by the actual victory of Protestants. This defeat of the Roman Church had weakened the geographically isolated Rzeczpospolita, and the Chabad sect emerged after its collapse.
The Protestantism is a rejection of the church hierarchy and a reliance only on the scripture (the Bible), or even the Gospel only. The ambiguity in interpretation of the ancient and controversial texts, which were passed through several editions and translations, creates a set of branches and sects, which make up the Protestantism.
The Jehovah's Witnesses is a newest branch of Protestantism, which was developed in the XX century as a result of a detailed study of Bible. This sect is closest to the Judaism as indicated by its following dogmas:
- Name (Jehovah = Yahweh).
- Denial of Trinity, because this concept does not exist in the Bible.
- Denial of the afterlife and the immortality of soul, which is inherent in the early Judaism. The exception is the 144,000 anointed ones. But at the same time they believe in the resurrection after the second coming of Jesus (according to the New Testament).
- Belief in the creation of paradise on earth after the second coming of Jesus (Messiah).
- Jesus is not the God but only a son of Jehovah (Yahweh), who is the God of whole Universe.
Ecumenism is a movement, which emerged as a union of all the Protestants and has grown up into a union of all the Christians including the Orthodox ones. The leading Ecumenists-globalizers are the churches of British origin: Anglicans and Presbyterians. The Catholic Church in the 1960s has taken steps towards the ecumenism and also the Judeo-Christianity.
Pope John Paul II in 1986 has called the Jews the "elder brothers" of the Christians for the first time in the history of Christian church. Did he mean the ages of religions or their roles?
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